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Abbreviation for Confined Animal Feeding Operation, which is an agricultural business where
animals are raised in confined situations and fed an unnatural diet, instead of
allowing them to roam and graze. This is an operation that is considered more
hazardous than an AFO for one or more reasons, such as the number of animals or
the location of the facility, its proximity to surface water and potential to
discharge waste into that water. The EPA determines whether an agricultural
business is a CAFO based on regulations created by the Clean Water Act, and special permits have
to be given for the owners to operate a CAFO legally. Enforcement of these
regulations has not been very strict, which has caused many problems.

More Info:

CAFO Final Rulemaking– Fact Sheet

The Issues with CAFO

More info on CAFO

Raising plants or animals in zoos or other controlled conditions to produce stock for subsequent release into the wild.

Process by which carbon atoms
move between land, ocean, atmosphere, and the Earth’s interior.

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Carbon Cycle

a naturally occurring greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, concentrations of which have increased (from 280 parts per million in
preindustrial times to over 350 parts per million today) as a result of humans’
burning of coal, oil, natural gas and organic matter (e.g., wood and crop

More info:

Info on the Carbon Cycle

The significance of 350ppm

Places of carbon accumulation, such as in large forests (organic compounds) or ocean sediments (calcium carbonate); carbon is thus removed from the carbon cycle for moderately long to very long periods of time.

a charge on fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) based on their carbon
content. When burned, the carbon in these fuels becomes carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the chief greenhouse gas.

More info:

More on Carbon Tax & where it is being used

Substances that cause cancer.

More Info:

Known and Probable Human Carcinogens — American Cancer Society

The maximum number of individuals of any species that can be supported by a particular ecosystem on a long-term basis.

Crops that are sold rather than consumed or bartered.

Cancer-causing chemicals created when chlorine used
for water disinfection combines with dirt and organic matter in water.

Highly reactive halogen element, used most often in the form of a
pungent gas to disinfect drinking water.

Chemical compounds with a carbon skeleton and one or more attached chlorine and fluorine atoms. Commonly used as refrigerants, solvents, fire retardants, and blowing agents.

stable, artificially-created chemical compounds containing carbon, chlorine,                                                                                                                                                                       fluorine and sometimes hydrogen. Chlorofluorocarbons, used primarily to
facilitate cooling in refrigerators and air conditioners, have been found to
damage the stratospheric ozone layer which protects the earth and its
inhabitants from excessive ultraviolet radiation.

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Set of laws passed in 1970 to regulate air pollution in the US. The goal of this
act was to improve air quality, and it was revised in 1990 to be more detailed
about issues such as the hole in the ozone layer and acid rain.

More Info:

Clean Air Act– EPA

Plain English Guide to the Clean Air Act

Cutting every tree in a given area, regardless of species or size; an appropriate harvest method for some species; can be destructive if not carefully controlled.

a logging technique in which all trees are removed from an area,
typically 20 acres or larger, with little regard for long-term forest health.

Regional change in temperature and weather patterns. Current science
indicates a discernible link between climate change over the last century and
human activity, specifically the burning of fossil fuels.

More Info:

Climate Change: Facts, Dangers, What You Can Do

The Science of Climate Change — everything you need to know.

The heating and partial combustion of coal to release volatile gases, such as methane and carbon monoxide; after pollutants are washed out, these gases become efficient, clean-burning fuel.

Coal technology that involves crushing coal and washing out soluble sulfur compounds with water or other solvents.

Depletion of a population to the point where fisherman cannot catch enough to be economically

More info:

How over-fishing can cause commercial extinction

florescent light bulbs small enough to fit into standard light sockets,
which are much more energy-efficient than standard incandescent bulbs.

process whereby organic wastes, including food wastes, paper, and yard
wastes, decompose naturally, resulting in a product rich in minerals and ideal
for gardening and farming as a soil conditioners, mulch, resurfacing material, or landfill cover.

More info:

10 tips for composting

Basics of Composting

Farmer who makes an agreement with an agribusiness company, giving the company the power to make all the farm’s decisions,
including which animals are raised there, what they are fed, and how they are
treated. In return the company pays the farmer and buys the supplies.


The belief that nature is limitless in its abundance and that perpetual growth is not only possible but essential.

An evaluation of large-scale public projects by comparing the costs and benefits that accrue from them.

The application of pesticides to plants by a low-flying plane.

A protozoan (single-celled organism) that can infect humans, usually as
a result of exposure to contaminated drinking water.

Abbreviation for Community Supported Agriculture, a system in which consumers support a local farm by paying in
advance for agricultural products. This reduces the financial risks for the
farmer because the costs of seeds and planting crops are covered in advance by
consumers. Throughout the growing season, CSA members receive a portion of the
farm’s harvest each week. Members share the financial risks and the bounty of
the harvest — if it is a successful growing season, they receive a lot of
food; if there are fewer crops, they receive less. Members are also encouraged
to visit the farm and some even volunteer there.

More Info:


More on CSA

CSA in Florida

An increase in biological productivity and ecosystem succession caused by human activities.